Python @staticmethod vs @classmethod
July 2, 2008 § 6 Comments
Being educated under Java background, static method and class method are the same thing.
But not so in Python, there is subtle difference:
Say function a() is defined in Parent Class, while Sub Class extends Parent Class
If function a() has @staticmethod decorator, Sub.a() still refers to definition inside Parent Class. Whereas,
If function a() has @classmethod decorator, Sub.a() will points definition inside Sub Class.
Let’s talk about some definitions here:
@staticmethod function is nothing more than a function defined inside a class. It is callable without instantiating the class first. It’s definition is immutable via inheritance.
@classmethod function also callable without instantiating the class, but its definition follows Sub class, not Parent class, via inheritance. That’s because the first argument for @classmethod function must always be cls (class).